Why eat 5 fruits and vegetables a day?

Verified on 10/03/2023 by Alexane Flament, Editor
Pourquoi faut-il manger 5 fruits et légumes par jour ?

 » Eat 5 fruits and vegetables a day  » is a phrase we’ve all heard since childhood!

The French National Nutrition and Health Program (PNNS) recommends eating at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day.

But what does that mean in practical terms? Let’s find out together!

Rich in antioxidants

Plants produce antioxidant substances such as polyphenols and certain vitamins.

These substances are found in large quantities in fruit, helping to limit cell oxidation in humans and thus combat cell ageing caused by various factors (pollution, smoking, stress, drugs…).

The more colorful the fruit or vegetable, the more it contains!

Low calorie density

 » Fruits and vegetables have a low caloric density, meaning that the number of calories provided by one gram of fruit is low compared to other types of food, » explains the French Federation of Cardiology.

Fewer calories, yes, but the stomach is just as full! The water and fiber content makes you feel fuller!

Fruits and vegetables are key allies in the prevention and treatment of excess weight.

Prevent many diseases

As well as being rich in antioxidants and low in calories, fruit and vegetables have the ability to prevent many diseases.

 » Eating 800 grams of fruit and vegetables a day would reduce the risk of suffering a myocardial infarction or angina pectoris by around 20%, » explains the French Federation of Cardiology.

However, it’s important to diversify your intake by alternating between different fruits and vegetables.

It’s easy to change your habits for a healthier lifestyle!

You find it hard to incorporate fruit and vegetables into your daily routine.

Follow the advice of the French Federation of Cardiology:

  • In the morning, have a piece of fruit as a snack on your way to work,
  • For lunch, opt for salads rather than high-calorie dishes,
  • For a snack, skip the ultra-processed cookies and opt for fruit,
  • For dinner, accompany your meat with a portion of vegetables,
  • Weekend? Rainy weather? Make the most of it and learn how to cook home-cooked dishes full of good vegetables!