Visit the Pantheon in Rome: tickets, prices, opening hours

Visiter le Panthéon à Rome

Take a trip back in time with a visit to Rome’s Pantheon! A must-see, it’s one of the capital’s most prized monuments!

Since its mythical foundation by Romulus, Rome has been a capital city steeped in history. Also known as the Eternal City, Rome is a must-see and Europe’s third most visited tourist destination. Whether you’re on vacation or just passing through, the Pantheon in Rome is a must-see!

In this article, we tell you everything you need to know before visiting the Pantheon in Rome!

The Pantheon in Rome

Façade du Panthéon à Rome

Photo credit: Unsplash – MA FAB

Located on Rome’s Campus Martius between Piazza Navona and the Trevi Fountain, the Pantheon is one of the city’s most emblematic monuments! Its name comes from the Greek words « pan » (all) and « theios » (divine), which can be translated as « all the gods ». Built on the orders ofAgrippa in the 1st century BC, then rebuilt under Hadrian in the early 2nd century after several fires, it was originally intended to represent the power of Rome and honor all the gods.

It then became a church in the 7th century and is now known the world over as the Pantheon of Rome, home to numerous tombs of important figures in Italian history, such as the Italian kings Umberto I and Vittorio Emanuel II, and the painter Raphael and his wife. A true feat of engineering, with a 43-meter-diameter dome – the largest in antiquity – this Roman temple is one of the few ancient buildings in Rome not to have fallen into ruin.

What to see in Rome’s Pantheon?

Façade du Panthéon à Rome

There’s as much to see outside as inside this sacred monument. It all begins at the entrance to the Pantheon, in front of the portico, where you can admire 16 impressively proportioned Corinthian columns in Egyptian granite and two large bronze doors dating back to ancient times. Above these columns is a rectangular façade bearing the bronze lettering « M.AGRIPPA.LFCOS.TERTIVM.FECIT », meaning « Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul for the third time, had it built ».

Another detail to pay attention to is the colorful marble floor, which you’ll notice as soon as you enter the monument.

But the most impressive part is yet to come: the coffered dome, with its multiple carvings in the stone, which rises 43 metres above your head, is a true architectural feat. In fact, its width is precisely equal to the height separating the 9-metre oculus from the ground. The oculus is an important part of the temple, as the Pantheon was also used as a sundial in ancient Rome. The sun’s rays can be seen through the oculus, but so can the rain! This explains why the center is fenced off and why there are a few holes in the 2000-year-old marble floor.

You may also have noticed the chapels inside the dome, decorated with statues of various deities. The Pantheon has been used as a tomb since the Renaissance. The first on the right features a fresco by Melozzo da Forli depicting the Annunciation. The third on the left now houses the tomb of the painter Raphael (1483-1520), whose remains were moved here in 1833.

Another must-see work in Rome’s Pantheon is the bronze bas-relief of the tympanum depicting the battle of the Gods and Giants.

Finally, don’t forget to visit the tombs of Raphael, Annibale Carracci, Baldassarre Peruzzi and King Vittorio Emanuele II.

How do I visit the Pantheon in Rome?

Carte de Rome itinéraire Panthéon

Photo credit: Google Maps

The Pantheon in Rome is located in Piazza della Rotonda, in the heart of the city, and is very well connected! So you can easily combine a visit with one to the Trevi Fountain or Piazza Campo de Fiori.

  • By metro : the nearest stop is Barberini (line A), about 700 meters from the Pantheon.
  • By bus: Buses to the Pantheon are no. 30, 40, 62, 64, 81, 87 and 492. Get off at the Largo di Torre Argentina stop, about 400 meters from the site.

Times and prices for visiting the Pantheon in Rome

Coupole du Panthéon à Rome

Admission

Entrance to Rome’s Pantheon is completely free if you wish to visit the monument on your own. If you’d like commentary in French, you can reserve an audio-guide for €4, which you can pick up at the entrance to the Pantheon.

You can also opt for a guided tour of the Pantheon: for €20, an English-speaking guide will show you around the site, from its architecture to the Roman temple and the famous Dome.

Good to know: Access to the Basilica of Santa Maria ad Martyres (the other name for Rome’s Pantheon) is reserved for visitors respecting a strict dress code (no shorts, tank tops or sleeveless tops).

Opening hours

You can visit the Pantheon in Rome every day:

Monday to Saturday: 9am to 7.15pm

Sunday: 9:00 am to 5:45 pm

Public holidays: 9:00 am to 12:45 pm.

Good to know: Please note that the Pantheon is sometimes closed to the public on Sundays (check the official website). It is also closed on December 25 and January 1.